One global standard for measurement of carpet area for housing by end of year - RICS

One global standard for measurement of carpet area for housing by end of year - RICS

On 26 Dec , 2019 03:25 AM

19 March 2015 

One global standard for measurement of carpet area for housing by end of year - RICS


~~ IPMS will create a single method for measuring property, bringing consistency to multiple standards that currently exist around the world~~

~~International Property Measurement Standards (IPMS) is a global initiative of 62 international organizations including the World Bank and IMF~~

~~The public draft of the residential standards will be ready by Q2 of 2015 with the final standards being published globally by end of 2015~~



New Delhi: RICS, along with 61 professional bodies from around the world, has called for setting uniform measurement standards for residential sector globally (including India) to bring clarity on measuring various aspects of property measurement such as super built up area, built up area and carpet area.


International Property Measurement Standards (IPMS) are being developed and implemented by a growing international coalition of 62 leading standards organizations, representing professionals across the multi-trillion dollar property sector.


RICS has been in discussion with key government stakeholders to seek support of these international standards who remain supportive of the initiative. Once the draft residential standards are formulated, and it will seek formal endorsement from market regulator SEBI and Ministry of Housing.


The Indian real estate stakeholders have highlighted a number of important global residential measurement issues to address the enormous growth required to address the needs of their country. 


Their concerns include lack of consistent residential measurement standards, phantom measurements, conflicts in off-plan measurement and consumer protection issues emanating from such inconsistent measurement standards. Currently in India, over 7 different measurement systems exist. However similar problems exist in even developed parts of the world such as United States and Middle East. 

As a founding member of this coalition, RICS facilitated a two-day meeting of Standards Setting Committee comprising 18 global technical experts (including two from India) from different parts of the world, which was hosted at the RICS School of Built Environment, Amity University, India.


The committee discussed global measurement issues and agreed on common standards to bring greater consistency and transparency. These international standards include

  • IPMS1 – similar to super built area in India (external space)
  • IPMS2 – similar to built area in India (internal space)
  • IPMS 3 – similar to carper area (occupied area)


These globally agreed terms i.e. IPMS 1, 2 and 3 are aimed at defining one common language for international real estate measurement, which would allow global investors and occupiers to compare and invest in assets in a consistent transparent manner.


Government and industry at large is supportive of these global measurement standards, just like they have been for global valuation and global financial reporting standards. By adoption of IPMS, Indian market has nothing to lose with a dual reporting system of nationally prevailing terms (such as carpet area) and IPMS. Instead, adoption of this international language of real estate measurement will give confidence to global investors and boost foreign investment in Indian property which in turn benefits Indian developers”. Mr. Sachin Sandhir, Global Managing Director - Emerging Business, RICS said.


IPMS will be implemented by all Coalition organisations including International Monetary Fund (IMF), through their members, and property owners, investors and users will be encouraged to use and request IPMS measurements of their properties.

“This issue has challenged the entire property industry for a long time, with implications of trust, transparency and consistency for tenants, landlords and owners alike.  Through the vision and collective efforts of the coalition and others, we now have IPMS, which will help bring transparency and consistency for all.  As an owner, landlord and tenant; we will fully embrace  IPMS across our global portfolio” Scott McMillan Division Chief: Facilities, Real Estate and Capital Projects at International Monetary Fund (IMF).


“IPMS looks to address current inconsistencies in the way property is measured (that is, what is included in the measurement, not the units of measurement) from one market to the next by introducing internationally recognised ‘standards’ for measuring different types of property, including offices, residential, retail and industrial proper,” Mr. Alexander Aronsohn FRICS, Director Technical International Standards, RICS said.


The new standard will define which areas of a property are included in a measurement and which areas are not. For example: stairwells and washrooms; internal/external walls; common areas such as lobbies. IPMS will not standardise ‘units’ of measurement (e.g. feet and metres).


IPMS for Office Buildings was launched last year and is already endorsed by Governments in some parts of the world including Dubai. The IMF has also announced its intention to re-measure its entire global portfolio using IPMS.




About RICS


RICS promotes and enforces the highest professional qualifications and standards in the development and management of land, real estate, construction and infrastructure. Our name promises the consistent delivery of standards – bringing confidence to the markets we serve. We have qualified close to 118,000 chartered professionals and any individual or firm registered with RICS is subject to our quality assurance. With offices covering the major political and financial centres of the world, our market presence means we are ideally placed to influence policy and embed professional standards. We work at a cross-governmental level, delivering international standards that will support a safe and vibrant marketplace in land, real estate, construction and infrastructure, for the benefit of all.

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